What are The Signs And Symptoms of Rubella?

Rebella illness is a mild one. Incubation periode is usually 14-20 days, with an average of 18 days. There is slight fever at the begining, then some enlargement of lymph nodes. Typically, the suboccapital nodes (those at the back of the neck), but also cervical, axillary, and inguinal nodes, are enlarged.
The disease is short-lived and there are rarely any other symptoms except the rash and perhaps joint pains. This rash is not raised and only last a few days, and therefore it is not easily seen in dark-skinned children, especially as the disease is so mild that children are not usually brought in for treatment.
There are no complications for the patient himself. However, one serious complication can occur in the case of women who are in the first 3 months of pregnancy when they get the disease. In such cases, there is a chance that the foetus will be damaged and born with one of the following heart diseases:
1. Congenital catarat.
2. Congenital heart disease.
3. Microcephaly.
4. Congenital deafness.
These are serious defects but the risks must not be exaggerated. The chances that one of these conditions will occur in the baby are not 100 per cent (that is, it does not happen to all babies of mothers who had rubella in first 3 months of pregnancy, but only to some).
In how many these occur? It is not certain, but probably in less than half. This does not happen to women who are past the first 3 months of their pregnancy, nor to babies of any other women who get rubella before pregnancy begins.
Cause. Rubella is a viral disease.
Source. Other patients.
Route. Droplet infection by air.

Rubella Susceptibles

All people who have not had it before, of any age, but mainly children and adolescents.

Treatment of Rubella

Rubell is usually a mild disease. So, he there is considerable joint pain then aspirin may be giving. The enlarged lymph glands in the neck will room subside and need no treatment.
If there have been contacts who are in the first 3 months of pregnancy, they should be advised to see a doctor and given a letter giving the details.

Prevention of Rubella

A vaccine is usually available. It is best to allow young girls to contract rubella so as to become immune by the time they marry.